Physiography of Chandauli District
basis of geology, soils, topology, climate and natural vegetation the
subdivided in the following regions:
1. Chakia Plateau
2. Chandauli Plain
3. Ganga Khadar
The region is comprised of southern part of Chakia tahsil. The 100 meter contour separates the region from Chandauli Plain. It is hilly tract with dissected surface. There is a zone of scarpment in the center part which is further converted into spur towards north. The Vindhyan Range extends upto this region. The maximum height is represented by 300 m (1000’) contour which runs in the south eastern part. Variation in surface height is more in central part where as southern part is a flat table land. The general slope pattern are also found. The height decreases towards north. The rivers originate from south and drains towards north through sharp bends and lofty waterfalls. Deodari waterfall on Chandraprabha is a beautiful picnic spot. In the northern part of this zone, soil erosion along the river course is common physical feature. Bhainsora reservoir on a rivulet of Karamanasha has been constructed for irrigation and power generation. Since it is a hilly tract large part of the region is covered with forest and the area left for agricultural pursuit is very much restricted. The northern part nearby to Chakia is relatively plain and irrigated by canals. This small patch is suitable for agriculture. Paddy is the main crop which is cultivated here. Geologically the region belongs to upper protorozoic period.
The region comprises parts of Chandauli, Sakaldiha and Chakia Tahsil. The area under Chandauli tahsil is comparatively low which causes water logging during rainy season. Surface is plain least physically variation. Major part of the region is devoid of streams. The Chandraprabha and the Karamanasha rivers drain towards north east direction through the southern part .Garai is a small rivulet of Chandraprabha .Soil erosion along the drainage course of the above rivers are an important physical feature. The general slope is towards north but there are variations at local level. The central part is relatively higher, Geologically the region is composed of Alluvium and dun gravels. The presences of large number of canals indicate its agricultural prosperity. The level surface, alluvial soil further provide impetus to agricultural pursuits. The physical conditions or suitable for the development of transport but the Ganga is a barrier in this aspect. The links with other areas are well developed.
It is narrow belt along the Ganga river extending from one end of the district to the other end. Surface is low lying and subject to inundation during flood. Approach of flood water delimits the boundary of this region. The Ganga is main river which flows in the northern and western part. Natural levee, dead arms of the river and sand bars the name physical features along the Ganga river. Geologically the region is composed of alluvium and dun gravels or recent period. Agriculture is limited to Rabi crops only. However thin layer of new alluvium increase the agricultural productivity.